Anyone can develop skin cancer. It occurs when cells abnormally grow, which often results in growth on or in the layers of the skin. If the growth continues, it may spread throughout the body in the bloodstream. Sun damage is the major factor in the onset of skin cancer.
Regular self-exams help detect the early signs of skin cancer. The appearance of suspicious moles, lesions, growths, scaly skin, or tenderness may indicate an issue. If any of these symptoms are noticed, a dermatologist should be contacted immediately for a skin cancer screening.
It is very important for people who have had cancer before to continue regular screenings, both at home and in-office. Those who have not had cancer should perform self-exams and become familiar with their skin’s look and feel.
Often, screening is done before any signs or symptoms appear. This is especially important for the early detection of melanoma, a rare but serious form of skin cancer. It is caused by melanocytes and begins under the top layer of skin. If not detected early, it will continue to grow into deeper tissue layers and spread throughout the body.
If skin cancer is suspected or an area looks abnormal, a biopsy will be performed. The tissue surrounding the area is removed with a local excision. It is then checked for the presence of cancer cells. This will reveal if the abnormality is benign (non-cancerous) or malignant (cancerous).
The types of treatment options will vary based on the type of skin cancer, the stage, and the size and location of the growth. Dr. Zizmor will discuss the various treatment options and recommend the one that is right for each individual.